What Is Autoimmune Encephalitis?

By james
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Our brains are fairly well protected. It will take a significant impact to cause physical trauma to the organ, and pathogens are also unlikely to be able to penetrate through defensive barriers. This does not mean to say the brain is completely safe, however, and some medical conditions can cause problems for the brain.

Problems with the brain can cause it to become inflamed, and this will mean it will not be able to function as well as it otherwise would. This is potentially a very serious condition and it will be fatal in some cases. It can also cause some other very unwelcome symptoms, but the condition can often be managed.

1. Autoimmune Encephalitis

There are different types of encephalitis. Usually, the disease is caused by the presence of a virus or bacteria. Pathogens can sometimes infect the brain and the infection can result in the brain tissue becoming inflamed. This type of encephalitis can be broken down into two main categories. These are primary and secondary encephalitis.

Primary encephalitis means that the brain is infected directly by pathogens, while secondary encephalitis is caused by an abnormal response to an infection elsewhere in the body. The condition is usually caused by infection from viruses, bacteria, or parasites, but this is not always the case. In much rarer cases, the inflammation is caused by an autoimmune condition, in what is known as autoimmune encephalitis.

Autoimmune Encephalitis

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