What Is Acute Renal Failure?

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By becky
Article Sources Article Sources
  • 1. Murugan, Raghavan and John A. Kellum. Acute kidney injury: what’s the prognosis? Nature Reviews Nephrology vol. 7,4 (2011): 209-17. doi: 10.1038/nrneph.2011.13.
  • 2. Hilton, Rachel. Acute renal failure. The BMJ vol. 333,7572 (2006): 786-90. doi: 10.1136/bmj.38975.657639.AE.
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2. Risk Factors

Acute renal failure generally does not appear in isolation. It occurs as a result of another medical condition. The risk of acute failure is increased when a person has one of the contributing conditions. People with sepsis, liver and kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain types of cancers are more at risk for acute kidney failure.

This condition is often seen in people who are already hospitalized, more frequently in intensive care, for serious medical conditions. It contributes to complications for approximately 7% of hospitalized patients.2Hilton, Rachel. Acute renal failure. The BMJ vol. 333,7572 (2006): 786-90. doi: 10.1136/bmj.38975.657639.AE. Older adults are at a higher risk, and cases among that population are increasing.2Hilton, Rachel. Acute renal failure. The BMJ vol. 333,7572 (2006): 786-90. doi: 10.1136/bmj.38975.657639.AE.

Acute Renal Failure

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