Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs which develop in the ovaries. They are a common problem that many women face during their reproductive age. In general, these cysts are pain-free and cause no problems at all. However, they may lead to various signs and symptoms.
There are various types of ovarian cysts, functional cysts being the most common ones. Corpus luteum cysts and follicle cysts are the two most common types of functional cysts. Other types of ovarian cysts are endometrioma cysts, dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, etc.
As mentioned, ovarian cysts can be asymptomatic and for this reason, they are not diagnosed. When signs and symptoms appear, ovarian cysts are diagnosed based on physical examination, abdominal and pelvic ultrasound, CA125 test, CT-scan, MRI-scan.
Ovarian cyst treatment will depend on the size, type, appearance of the cyst in the ultrasound, as well as patient age and presence of signs and symptoms. Small cysts which are asymptomatic are observed as they tend to resolve on their own within a couple of months. In cases of large and symptomatic ovarian cysts, surgical removal is recommended.
What are the ovarian cyst symptoms? Let’s have a look!
Symptom #1: Pelvic Pain
Pelvic pain is the most common symptom of ovarian cysts. In the beginning, a sensation of fullness in the pelvis is common, but as the condition progresses or as the cyst continues to grow, this sensation of fullness turns into pelvic discomfort and pain, often severe.
The pain is often dull or sharp felt just next to the area where the cyst is located. Immediate and sharp pelvic pain is also possible, especially in cases when these cysts rupture spontaneously. Seek immediate medical help and based on the severity of your condition, various treatment options are available. Pelvic pain is usually unilateral on the side where the ovarian cyst is located.