What Is Pancreatitis?

Author
By jolene
Reviewed
Reviewed: Dr. Mera
Article Sources Article Sources
Medical Expert Medical Expert

3. Causes

In acute pancreatitis, the most common causes are biliary stone disease and chronic alcohol consumption. The cause is unknown in 10% to 30% of cases. In biliary stone disease, the gallstone lodges at the opening in the intestinal sphincter of Oddi and blocks the secretion of the digestive enzymes.

It has been estimated that at least 35% of acute pancreatitis cases are due to alcohol use as alcohol causes accumulation, activation, and premature release of digestive enzymes. Since alcohol increases the permeability of the ducts, this allows the enzymes to cause pancreatic damage. This disease is usually seen in individuals who have a habit of alcohol consumption of more than 5 to 15 years. Other potential causes of pancreatitis include endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), side effects of drugs, trauma, hereditary pancreatitis, infection, developmental abnormalities of the pancreas, and hypercalcemia (excessive calcium in blood).

Pancreatitis

Home | Privacy Policy | Editorial | | About Us

This site offers information designed for entertainment & educational purposes only. With any health related topic discussed on this site you should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, treatment, advice, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, treatment, or diagnosis. If you have any questions or concerns about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.