What Is Bronchiectasis?

By james
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In your lungs are small passageways called bronchi that allow for air to flow into and out of the lungs. The cilia are tiny hair-like structures that help to move mucus out. The two work together to keep air moving freely and to prevent mucus from impeding the process.

Bronchiectasis is a condition in which the bronchi are impaired due to thickening and inflammation. This also causes the destruction of cilia. As a result, mucus frequently builds up in the lungs and air does not flow easily through the bronchi.

1. Bronchiectasis Causes

One of the most well-known causes of bronchiectasis is cystic fibrosis, which is a progressive genetic disease that leads to serious lung infections. However, there are a number of other possible causes. Any issue that results in damage to the lungs has the potential to develop into this condition, though it is often difficult to identify the specific cause.

A suppressed immune system or autoimmune diseases can weaken the lungs and cause the thickening bronchi associated with the condition. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and inflammatory bowel disease are also potential causes, as are recurring infections in the lungs, tuberculosis and HIV.


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