Streptococcal pharyngitis is also known as strep throat. It is an infection of the throat and tonsils caused by group A streptococcus. The symptoms of strep throat usually begin one to three days after the individual is exposed to the pathogen. It spreads through respiratory droplets from an infected individual and contact with contaminated objects. Carriers (people who carry the bacteria without exhibiting symptoms) can also spread the disease. Severe or advanced cases can lead to complications, such as peritonsillar abscess and rheumatic fever.
Diagnosis of strep throat is achieved via a throat culture or a rapid antigen test. The disease can be prevented with proper handwashing and if you do not share eating utensils. Infected individuals should avoid mingling with others for a minimum of twenty-four hours after starting treatment. With no available vaccine, the disease can only be treated using antibiotics. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, and acetaminophen (or paracetamol) can also help treat the symptoms.
Strep throat is a common bacterial infection among children. Fifteen to 40 percent of children and 5 to 15 percent of adults are affected. It is more likely to occur during early spring and late winter.
Symptom #1: Sore Throat
A sore throat is pain, discomfort, or irritation of the throat. Pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and trauma are common causes of sore throats. It is a common and nonspecific symptom mostly seen in viral infections, tumors, and acid reflux disease.
A sore throat can be managed using pain medications, such as paracetamol or acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If the cause is a bacterial infection, antibiotics can also help. Home remedies include gargling with warm salt water and resting the voice.