Sepsis is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication of an infection. It is caused by the body’s response to an infection. Normally, our immune system protects us from various diseases and illnesses that we get during our lifetime. However, this immune system can also go into overdrive as a response to an infection, which is what happens in cases of sepsis.
Septic shock is the most severe type of sepsis. This is a real medical emergency that requires immediate medical help. Despite the treatment, the outlook and prognosis of sepsis, and especially of septic shock, is very poor. Infants and young children, elderly people, those with a compromised immune system, as well as those suffering from chronic medical conditions, are more likely to develop sepsis.
It can affect anyone at any age. For this reason, it is very important to know what causes it and how to recognize the signs and symptoms before it becomes too late. Below are 10 causes of sepsis.
Cause #1: Pneumonia
Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It can be mild, moderate, and severe, but also pneumonia when not diagnosed or treated on time it can be life-threatening. Common signs and symptoms of pneumonia that you should be aware of are fever and chills, excessive sweating, coughing, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
One of the possible complications of severe pneumonia is sepsis, which is a life-threatening condition. Those with underlying chronic diseases, antibiotic pretreatment, as well as those who are hospitalized for a prolonged period of time, have an increased risk of developing sepsis. Treatment in these cases should be started as soon as possible and it is empiric initially while waiting for the results of microbiological cultures.