Many people worldwide are living with kidney disease, but the problem is that most of them don’t know that they have it. Even though there are a lot of physical signs and symptoms related to kidney disease, often these symptoms are attributed to other medical conditions, which delays the diagnosis and the necessary treatment.
The signs and symptoms related to kidney disease tend to develop at a very late stage, when kidney failure has already started to occur and when there is permanent damage to the kidney tissue.
People who are at risk of developing kidney disease, such as those who have diabetes, high blood pressure, elderly people, or a family history of kidney failure, should undergo regular checkups for kidney disease. Below are 10 kidney disease symptoms that one should be aware of.
Symptom #1: Urine Color Changes
Normally, urine should be pale yellow in color due to the fact that it contains urochrome, a substance produced when hemoglobin gets broken down. In certain cases when there is a kidney problem, urine might change its normal color. If dark yellow urine is present, this means that you are dehydrated and that you should drink more fluids. Brown or even black urine is also possible and, in this case, it is caused by liver conditions like hepatitis, cirrhosis, a blockage of the bile duct, hemolytic anemia, and melanoma. However, certain foods like fava beans can also turn urine brown. Having orange urine is mostly related to the use of certain medications like rifampin, isoniazid, and riboflavin. Having a milky white urine is related to urinary tract infections.
Urine can change its color into a light pink, red, or very dark red as well. This means that there is a presence of blood in urine, medically known as hematuria. Urinary tract infections, kidney stones, prostate enlargement in men, but also cancer, can lead to the presence of blood in urine. Whenever there is a presence of blood in the urine, you should consult your doctor immediately and determine the underlying cause of this symptom.