Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) Causes, Symptoms & More

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By elizabeth
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Reviewed: dr. vanta
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  • 1. 'Guillain-Barre Syndrome Fact Sheet' National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, https://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/patient-caregiver-education/fact-sheets/Guillain-barr%C3%A9-syndrome-fact-sheet
  • 2. 'Guillain-Barre Syndrome' World Health Organization, https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/guillain-barr%C3%A9-syndrome
  • 3. 'Recently Diagnosed GBS: Everything You Need to Know' GBS/CIDP Foundation International, https://www.gbs-cidp.org/gbs/all-about-gbs/
  • 4. 'Guillain-Barre Syndrome' National Organization for Rare Disorders, https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/guillain-barre-syndrome/
  • 5. 'Guillain-Barre Syndrome and Vaccines' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/guillain-barre-syndrome.html
  • 6. 'Guillain-Barre Syndrome' Beth Israel Lahey Health Winchester Hospital, https://www.winchesterhospital.org/health-library/article?id=22825
  • 7. 'Multiple sclerosis vs. Guillain-Barre syndrome: Differences in symptoms, causes, and treatment' Bel Marra Health, https://www.belmarrahealth.com/multiple-sclerosis-vs-guillain-barre-syndrome-differences-in-symptoms-causes-and-treatment/
  • 8. 'Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy' National Organization for Rare Disorders, https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy/
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2. Causes of GBS

The precise cause of GBS is unknown. As an autoimmune disease, GBS makes the immune system attack healthy nerves and recent viral or bacterial infections may play a part.3‘Recently Diagnosed GBS: Everything You Need to Know’ GBS/CIDP Foundation International, https://www.gbs-cidp.org/gbs/all-about-gbs/ Food poisoning, the flu and Zika virus disease are some infections that may trigger a person’s immune system, leading to the syndrome.

In rare cases, surgery and vaccinations have triggered GBS. Hepatitis E, COVID-19 and Epstein-Barr are viruses that have preceded GBS.4‘Guillain-Barre Syndrome’ National Organization for Rare Disorders, https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/guillain-barre-syndrome/ However, people cannot catch GBS from someone who has it, nor inherit it from a relative.

Guillain Barre Syndrome

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