Foot cramps are fairly common and can be severely painful. Individuals who experience foot cramps often describe it as the tightening of the muscles in the foot ranging from a few seconds to a few minutes.
Foot cramps that occur at night are closely related to nocturnal leg cramps. Some have even reported these sensations in the calves and thighs. Foot cramps are more commonly seen among individuals over the age of 50 and among women who are pregnant.
Foot cramps are usually harmless. While some cases may be associated with certain disorders, it usually resolves with lifestyle changes and stretches. This article looks at 10 causes of foot cramps.
Cause #1: Exercise
Exercise refers to activity practiced to maintain physical fitness, wellness, and health. It may also be performed to strengthen the muscles, slow aging, improve the cardiovascular system, and for weight loss. Generally, for adults, it has been recommended that they exercise for 150 minutes every week (moderate activity) or 75 minutes of vigorous activity.
When an individual places too much strain or overworks the muscles, it can result in leg and foot cramps, especially when resting after exercise. Light exercise is first recommended for those who are new to exercise. They should then gradually increase the intensity and duration of the exercise routine. Warm ups and cool downs may also help prevent cramps.