Bunions, which are known medically as hallux valgus, are a sign of a progressive bone disorder. Bunions can be observed as a bump at the base of your big toe where it connects to the rest of your foot. Bunions arise as a result of issues with the structural integrity of the bones in your feet and in your toes. The bone that’s most often involved is known as the metatarsophalangeal joint. When this bone (or any of the others in your feet) develop problems, your feet fall out of alignment.
Generally when one experiences bunions, their big toe leans towards the second toe. In a person with healthy feet, the big toe will point straight forward. The further the big toe leans towards the second toe, the more apparent the bunion will become.
Bunions can also occur in other toes. If the big toe is not affected, the second most likely toe is the pinkie toe. These are generally referred to as bunionettes or tailor’s bunions. Bunions can affect both youth and adults. They are often considered to be a result of inherent bone problems but there are things that can cause or contribute to bunions. We’ll be discussing things that can make you more likely to develop the problem.
Cause #1: Tight Shoes
If you wear shoes that are too tight, there are a number of problems that can arise. Shoes should be snug and comfortable, but not so tight that they impede the natural formation of your toes. If you wear shoes that are very tight for a long period of time, you can develop structural problems in your feet. One of the problems that can arise is a misalignment of your toes, or bunions.
If this is the case, hopefully you can identify the problem before it becomes too serious. Make sure that you choose shoes that are not too tight. People who have been wearing tight shoes for many years, especially during their development, are much more likely to develop bunions.