Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are extremely common and account for as many as 6 million visits to the doctor annually in the United States. Most UTIs are bladder infections, which are also known as cystitis. Some of the pathogens responsible for UTIs are Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus faecalis, and Klebsiella pneumonia. Some of the signs and symptoms that patients may experience are increased urinary frequency, urinary urgency, dysuria, bladder fullness, lower abdominal discomfort, flank pain, suprapubic tenderness, costovertebral angle tenderness, blood in the urine, malaise, fever, chills, and more.
Urine culture is still considered the main standard for the diagnosis of a UTI. In a bladder infection, oral antibiotics that are effective is the best treatment. Examples include nitrofurantoin monohydrate, fosfomycin, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole.
It has been estimated that about 20 percent of women will develop at least one UTI. Generally, the three main mechanisms for the development of UTIs include colonization of pathogens with ascending spread, peri-urogenital spread, and hematogenous spread.
Bladder Infection Cause #1: Feminine Products
Some feminine products such as intimate washes, intimate wipes, vaginal cleansers, moisturizing creams, douches, and lubes have been found to increase the risk of UTIs as they disrupt the balance of vaginal microbiomes.
Experts have also warned that these imbalances can further result in bacterial vaginosis, reduced fertility, and an increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases.