A bloated stomach or abdominal bloating is a very common occurrence among individuals regardless of age, race, or gender. It can be associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders, appear by itself, or as a symptom of other organic disorders. The person affected by a bloated stomach usually complains of a full and tight abdomen.
In some rare cases, the bloating can become so severe that it stretches the abdomen causing pain and shortness of breath. The pain that is associated with a bloated stomach is usually sharp and generally changes location quickly. Some pains can be so intense and severe that it may be mistaken for a heart-related issue especially if the pain radiates to the upper-left side of the chest.
Pain that is felt on the right side of the abdomen can be mistaken for appendix or gallbladder-related issues. Abdominal bloating can typically be managed by treatment of the underlying cause of stomach bloating. Recurrent episodes can be potentially prevented through the use of medications and lifestyle modifications.
Cause #1: Gas
The gastrointestinal tract has two sources of gas where the first is from bacteria inhabiting the intestines while the second is through swallowed air during consumption of food and beverages. During episodes of rapid eating and drinking, the stomach can easily become distended if air is swallowed.
The natural response of the body is to remove these gases by passing gas or burping. Burping refers to the removal of gas through the mouth while passing gas or farting is the dispelling of air through the anus.