A broken nose, also called a nasal fracture, occurs in the bones forming the bridge or the cartilage separating the left and right nostrils. It is the most common facial fracture due to the location of the nose and the way it sticks out from the face.
Causes of nasal fractures include falls, running into a shutting door, car accidents, contact sports like football and boxing, and physical fights. A broken nose may be minor or serious. A minor nasal fracture can heal without treatment. However, a serious nasal fracture requires medical treatment, which may include surgery.
If you have a nose injury and are worried it could be broken, consult a doctor. Below are the 10 most common broken nose symptoms.
Symptom #1: Pain
Pain is probably the first sign of a broken nose, as indeed most injuries. This is because when nasal bones or cartilage break, they interfere with the normal structural and functional status of the nose and surrounding tissues. When this happens, the immune system goes to work in a bid to restore the tissues to their normal state. This leads to inflammation and pain.
Consequently, the pain can make it difficult to breathe through the nose. If you feel pain in your nose after falling or hitting it against a door, wall, or an opponent, you may need to visit a doctor for assessment. A broken nose will usually present with additional symptoms like swelling, bruising, and tenderness.