What Is Lupus?

By albert
Reviewed: Dr. Gromatzky
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Lupus is classified as a chronic autoimmune disease that causes damage to any part of the body. Lupus symptoms last more than 6 weeks, which make it a chronic disease. The disease can last for years or a lifetime. The immune system is responsible for fighting harmful organisms by producing antibodies against them. But when something goes wrong with this process, the body can start fighting itself such that antibodies attach to healthy cells and tissues, because they cannot tell the difference between them and foreign organisms. These attacks can cause pain, inflammation, and damage in any part of the body.

Lupus is not contagious and therefore it cannot be transferred from a person to another, even via sex. In addition, it is not like cancer in nature. However, treating lupus is somehow like cancer because immunosuppressant drugs used in the treatment of lupus are also used in chemotherapy. Lupus is also different from HIV or AIDS. In fact it is somehow the opposite of HIV because the immune system is hyperactive in lupus while underactive in HIV and AIDS.

1. Symptoms of Lupus

There are no specific symptoms of lupus because symptoms differ from one person to another depending on the affected part of the body. The duration and progress of the symptoms also vary. In some cases, they are permanent or keep flaring-up, while in others, they disappear suddenly.

Still, there are some common signs such as fever, fatigue, body aches, joint pain, and rashes, especially a butterfly rash on the face, skin lesions, dyspnea, dry eyes, chest pain, headaches, confusion, and memory loss.


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