What Is Colitis?

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By albert
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Reviewed: Dr. Gromatzky
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In simple terms, colitis is the inflammation of the colon. The condition is usually associated with the inflammation of the small intestines called enteritis, proctitis or inflammation of the rectum, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), decreased blood supply to the colon, and invasion of the wall of the colon by lymphocytes.

Colitis affects the inner lining of the colon. There are different types of the condition, which include ulcerative colitis, Crohns colitis, diversion colitis, ischemic colitis, infectious colitis, fulminant colitis, collagenous colitis, chemical colitis, microscopic colitis, lymphocytic colitis, and atypical colitis. Colitis can lead to a medical emergency especially if the colon is severely damaged.

1. Symptoms of Colitis

Chronic diarrhea is the most common symptom of all types of colitis. Most of the patients complain of the urge to go to the bathroom as a result of constant bowel movement. The resultant constant irritation of the rectum leads to small bulges, a condition called diverticula. Additionally, people with colitis usually pass stools in very small amounts.

Other symptoms also include loss of weight, dehydration, fever, abdominal pain, rectal problems, chronic constipation, and bloody stool. Blood in stools means that the colon is severely damaged. This is a dangerous sign that should be treated as a medical emergency.

Colitis

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