What Causes Autism?

Author
By shirley
Reviewed
Reviewed: dr. vanta
Article Sources Article Sources
  • 1. 'Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet.' _National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke_, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Autism-Spectrum-Disorder-Fact-Sheet#3082 5.
  • 2. 'What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?' _Centers for Disease Control and Prevention_, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 25 Mar. 2020, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/facts.html.
  • 3. 'Autism Causes.' _Southwest Autism Research & Resource Center (SARRC)_, 2 Oct. 2019, www.autismcenter.org/autism-causes.
  • 4. 'What Causes Autism?' _Autism Speaks_, www.autismspeaks.org/what-causes-autism.
  • 5. 'Autism Causes.' _Southwest Autism Research & Resource Center (SARRC)_, 2 Oct. 2019, www.autismcenter.org/autism-causes.
  • 6. 'Large Study on Parent Age & Autism Finds Increased Risk with Teen Moms.' _Autism Speaks_, www.autismspeaks.org/science-news/large-study-parent-age-autism-finds-increased-risk-teen-moms.
  • 7. Gardener, Hannah, et al. 'Prenatal Risk Factors for Autism: Comprehensive Meta-Analysis.' _The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science_, U.S. National Library of Medicine, July 2009, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3712619/.
  • 8. 'Key Findings: Autism Is Associated with Amount of Time Between Births._' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention_, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Aug. 2019, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/features/time-between-births.html.
  • 9. 'Key Findings: Opioids Prescribed Just Before Pregnancy Associated With Autism.' _Centers for Disease Control and Prevention_, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Aug. 2019, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/features/kf-opioids-pregnancy-autism.html.
  • 10. 'Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Outlook.' _Cleveland Clinic_, my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8855-autism.
  • 11. 'Autism Spectrum Disorder.' _Mayo Clinic_, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 6 Jan. 2018, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/autism-spectrum-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20352928.
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Medical Expert Medical Expert

2. Genetic Disorders/Mutations

Studies have associated more than 400 genes with the development of ASD.3‘Autism Causes.’ Southwest Autism Research & Resource Center (SARRC), 2 Oct. 2019, www.autismcenter.org/autism-causes. In some cases, the suspected genes are passed on to children from their parents, even if the parents do not have display symptoms of autism. Most genetic changes don’t lead to autism on their own.4‘What Causes Autism?’ Autism Speaks, www.autismspeaks.org/what-causes-autism.

Specific genetic causes are found in about 10 percent to 20 percent of ASD cases. This indicates that other factors play a role in the development of autism.10‘Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Outlook.’ Cleveland Clinic, my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/8855-autism.

Autism

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