10 Symptoms of Kidney Problems

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By dr. mera
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The kidneys are two fist-sized organs that are located on the posterior portion of the abdomen, just below the ribcage. Kidneys play an important role in the regulation of body fluids in the human body. Filtering the blood to create urine which is later disposed of, reabsorbing electrolytes for the proper regulation and balance of fluids, hormonally regulating blood pressure, and mediating the activity of vitamin D, are just a few of the functions that our kidneys perform every day.

Many conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure may interfere with the proper functioning of the kidneys. Congenital defects like polycystic kidney disease (PKD) may also cause kidney damage and other conditions like urinary tract infections and kidney stones are also well-known causes of kidney problems.

1. Decreased Urine Output

Oliguria is the medical term that describes a decrease in the normal urine output. The technical definition refers to less than 0,5ml of urine per kilogram in a period of six to twelve hours, but these parameters may vary. Depending on the cause of oliguria, it can progress into anuria which is defined as less than 50 to 100 ml of urine per day.

One of the main functions of the kidneys is to filter blood and produce urine which will be disposed of later on. If the kidneys are affected, the urine production may be affected as well, causing the patient to urinate less frequently. This is a common symptom in patients with acute kidney injury. Anuria is less common and it is associated with bilateral urinary tract obstructions and shock.

Kidney Problems

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