Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Symptoms

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By dr. gromatzky
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  • 3. Harris, H R et al. “Long and irregular menstrual cycles, polycystic ovary syndrome, and ovarian cancer risk in a population-based case-control study.” International journal of cancer vol. 140,2 (2017): 285-291. doi:10.1002/ijc.30441
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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease that affects the hormonal and reproductive system in young females. To make a diagnosis, all other diagnoses must be ruled out and at least two of these three factors must be present:1Aboud AL AM, Zito PM. Alopecia. [Updated 2020 Jun 29]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK538178/ repeated lack of ovulation,2Gibson E, Mahdy H. Anatomy Abdomen and Pelvis, Ovary. [Updated 2019 Aug 10]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK545187/ excessive testosterone produced by the woman, and/or3Harris, H R et al. “Long and irregular menstrual cycles, polycystic ovary syndrome, and ovarian cancer risk in a population-based case-control study.” International journal of cancer vol. 140,2 (2017): 285-291. doi:10.1002/ijc.30441 presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries. It can take some time, tests, and multiple specialists in order to come to the correct diagnosis.9Rasquin Leon LI, Mayrin JV. Polycystic Ovarian Disease (Stein-Leventhal Syndrome) [Updated 2019 Dec 8]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459251/

Unfortunately, PCOS is associated with or can lead to other serious problems and so it is important to get diagnosed and treated early. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause and may include lifestyle changes and management of the problems that may arise.9Rasquin Leon LI, Mayrin JV. Polycystic Ovarian Disease (Stein-Leventhal Syndrome) [Updated 2019 Dec 8]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459251/ The following are some typical signs and symptoms of PCOS.7Ndefo, Uche Anadu et al. “Polycystic ovary syndrome: a review of treatment options with a focus on pharmacological approaches.” P & T : a peer-reviewed journal for formulary management vol. 38,6 (2013): 336-55.

1. Abnormally Large Ovaries

Ovaries are small, female reproductive organs that contain egg cells and produce hormones. Two ovaries are found deep within the pelvis on either side of the uterus and each are about 2 cm x 3.5 cm x 1cm. The size of the ovaries will slightly vary from person to person and can also change depending upon age and something being not quite right with the ovary.2Gibson E, Mahdy H. Anatomy Abdomen and Pelvis, Ovary. [Updated 2019 Aug 10]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK545187/

The presence of cysts, especially a large number of cysts or large cysts, will increase the size of the ovaries. Typically, an ultrasound will be done to measure the ovaries and the cysts within.2Gibson E, Mahdy H. Anatomy Abdomen and Pelvis, Ovary. [Updated 2019 Aug 10]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK545187/

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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