10 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Symptoms

By jolene
Reviewed: Dr. Gromatzky
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Symptom #4: Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a term describing the abnormal brain development that results in a smaller head compared to normal. It can be present at birth or develops after the first few years of life. Individuals with microcephaly often have intellectual disability, poor speech, abnormal facial features, poor motor function, dwarfism, and seizures. It can be defined as having a head circumference that is more than two standard deviations lesser than the mean for the average age and sex.

Although there is no specific treatment, the patient grows normally and develops normal intelligence in some cases. Besides fetal alcohol syndrome, microcephaly also occurs in Down syndrome, Patau syndrome, autosomal dominant microcephaly, and x-linked microcephaly.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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