The testicles play a very important function for human males. They act as a storage for semen, keeping it safe until it is needed. They also help to keep the semen at the right temperature to make sure it remains healthy. The testicles are kept in a protective sac known as the scrotum, but despite that protection things can still go wrong.
The testicles and scrotum are quite delicate and since they are external, they can be vulnerable to physical damage. They can also become infected or experience other complications that can lead to pain and swelling. While many complications can be treated with antibiotics, other issues require surgery, which may result in sterilization or loss of one testicle altogether. If you are experiencing pain in the testicles, you should arrange to see a medical professional as soon as possible.
Cause #1: Testicular Torsion
The testicles are attached to the body mainly by the spermatic cord. While you’re not likely to experience problems with this cord, it can receive an unpleasant injury if you are not careful. Testicular torsion is one such injury, and is the name given when the spermatic cord is twisted through injury 1.
Severe twisting of this cord can potentially cut off the blood supply and this can lead to serious physical consequences. Torsion is an extremely painful injury to endure, but the severe pain means the injury is not likely to go untreated for long. Surgery is often necessary to fix the injury.