Asperger syndrome or simply known as Asperger’s, it is a developmental disorder that used to be a separate condition. However, as of the year 2013, Asperger’s is now no longer a condition on its own but instead, is part of a group known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Even so, there are still many who uses the term Asperger’s. It is known as a “high functioning” type of ASD which means that the symptoms in Asperger’s is less severe compared to other types of disorders in ASD that may have extreme mental disabilities. No brain abnormalities have been observed among those with Asperger’s compared to other forms of autism.
Experts believe that there is a genetic cause as family members tend to have the same disorder. While there are many theories on how Asperger’s develop, there is no conclusive theory that has been proven so far. One of the main differences in Asperger’s compared to other autism disorders, those afflicted with Asperger’s do not have a delay in communication and language. Diagnosis includes an assessment, developmental history, and observation.
Asperger’s Symptom #1: Underdeveloped Social Skills
Individuals with Asperger’s syndrome often have difficulty in social interaction. They have trouble making friends and maintaining relationships with friends. For this reason, they find that they are much more comfortable with those who are either much younger or much older than themselves as they do not know how to act or communicate with peers their age. It can be hard for them to participate in group activities as well.
Even among friends, they may sometimes behave in a socially unacceptable manner. In social situations or events, it can be extremely challenging for them to engage in conversation with new and unknown people. Individuals with Asperger’s may feel distressed as they do want to be connected to their peers. However, some may not have any desire to have friends and prefer to be left alone.