Mania, manic syndrome, or a manic episode refers to the state of mind where it is abnormally elevated. By definition, this state should last at least one week where an unusually irritable mood, expansive, or elevated mood exists. Individuals going through this state may describe it as “being on top of the world” as they feel very euphoric.
Those who are experiencing mania are usually abnormally engaged in goal-directed activities. There can be extreme optimism. In some cases, the mood can be more irritable, especially if they are denied of their wishes. This change is usually observable by friends and family. It should be severe enough to cause issues or impairment with their daily routines or family and friends. This article will be discussing bipolar disorder as a cause of mania.
Mania is a state that can be seen in various disorders. However, most cases of mania occur with an underlying diagnosis of bipolar disorder. It can also occur in schizoaffective disorder, multiple sclerosis, other medical conditions (encephalitis, brain injury, stroke, dementia, lupus), substance abuse (cocaine, caffeine), or as a side effect of medications (such as prednisone and antidepressants). Mania can also occur due to a combination of factors such as high levels of stress, lack of sleep, changes in sleep patterns, seasonal changes (mania and hypomania are more common during spring), significant life event (divorce, moving, loss of a loved one), childbirth, trauma, and abuse.