Mania is also known as a manic episode or manic syndrome. It occurs when an individual has an abnormally elevated state of mind. It can be defined as having an expansive, unusually irritable, or elevated mood lasting at least one week. A popular description often used by individuals going through this experience is being “on top of the world.”
Individuals with mania can appear to be extremely optimistic and abnormally engaged in goal-oriented activities. They can become irritable and angry if denied of their wishes. The changes that occur during mania are severe enough to cause issues or negative effects on work, school, and relationships with friends and family. Those who are close to the individual usually notice these changes.
Those who experience grandiosity often display a sense of superiority. This means that they exaggerate their importance, knowledge, and identity. Estimates show that about 66% of those with bipolar I disorder will experience grandiose delusions at one point during their course of illness. Grandiosity is also seen among those with substance abuse disorders, personality disorders, and schizophrenia. Although a common symptom of mania, it does not occur in all individuals with bipolar disorder. Some examples of grandiosity include boasting, exaggerating one’s achievements, treating others with contempt, thinking common rules do not apply to themselves, quick to anger if challenged, not caring if their behavior hurts or affects others, and believing themselves to be more intelligent or superior to others.