Urinary tract infections or UTI is a common condition where there is bacterial infection of the urinary tract. It can occur in individuals of all ages and mostly affects females as their urethra (tract from bladder to the opening) is shorter therefore allowing bacteria to have a shorter path to the bladder. As many as 40% to 60% of women would have had developed a UTI at some point in their life. In women, UTI is the main reason why it is recommended for them to wipe from the front to the back after going to the bathroom as wiping from the back to the front causes the urethra to be invaded by bacteria from the anus.
A UTI can be dangerous as the infection from the urethra can travel upwards and affect the bladder. Without treatment, it can move on to infect the kidneys. In children, recurrent UTIs may mean that there is a malformation of malfunction in the urinary tract. While bacterial infection is the commonest cause of UTI, viral and fungal infections can occur as well.
Symptom #1: Dysuria
Dysuria refers to painful and / or difficult urination. It is used to describe a burning or stinging sensation during micturition. In early stages, all you feel might only be a slight discomfort when you pee. In some cases, the lining of the urethra is damaged by the bacteria and your pee makes it painful, just like when you run water over a cut.
Dysuria can occur in women after intercourse if there is an infection. Try drinking plenty of water to help your body flush the bacteria out and prevent it from getting worse. Other causes of dysuria include prostatitis, pyelonephritis, and sexually transmitted diseases.