A staphylococcal infection is caused by staphylococcus bacteria, a gram-positive type of bacteria that can cause a variety of issues due to the overgrowth and production of toxins. Staphylococcus is commonly known as staph. A staph infection ranges from a mild condition that can resolve on its own to a severe condition that can be life-threatening.
There are more than thirty types of staphylococci that can affect humans, but most infections are caused by staphylococcus aureus, a strain that can be found in the nose, skin, and other parts of the body. It is seen in 25 percent to 30 percent of healthy adults and 25 percent of health-care personnel. While it is harmless when on the skin or in the nose, a break in the skin allows the bacteria to enter the deeper layers of the skin or the bloodstream, causing infection.
Staph Infection Cause #1: Contact
Since 25 percent to 30 percent of individuals carry the staphylococcus bacteria on the skin and in the nose, one of the easiest ways to get a staph infection is to come in contact with someone who carries it. Staph bacteria are extremely hardy and can survive harsh environments, such as hot and cold temperatures and saline surroundings.
It can also survive on surfaces, such as tables, countertops, clothing, and more. Symptoms can take awhile to manifest, and most cases are mild. In severe cases, you should seek medical attention.