Scleroderma is a condition that results from dysfunctions of collagen that leads to its uneven distribution as well as abnormal calcium deposits. These lead to structural malformations on the skin and elsewhere. While in most cases, signs of scleroderma appear on the skin, the condition can affect tissues in other parts of the body, including internal organs.
Scleroderma has no known specific cause. It is, however, thought to be an autoimmune condition. In general, scleroderma is classified into two types; localized scleroderma which affects the skin and is more prevalent in children, and systemic scleroderma which also affects internal tissues and is more common in adults aged 30 to 50 years. Because of its complexity, scleroderma symptoms vary from one person to another. It is therefore important that thorough investigation is conducted for proper diagnosis and treatment. Following are some of the more common symptoms of scleroderma:
Scleroderma Symptom #1: Hardening Of The Skin
One of the major symptoms of scleroderma is the thickening and tightening of the skin in the affected areas as a result of deposits of excess collagen and calcium. These deposits occur in the skin on the hands, arms, legs and face. Sometimes, the condition can also affect the digestive system, the lungs and other internal organs. Hardening of
The affected parts become hardened and fixed in a bent position, called flexion contracture. This slows down and constricts movements in the affected joints. The skin also appears to have irregularly shaped patches in areas where it is more tight and thick.