Polyp Types, Treatments & More

By christine d
Reviewed: dr. vanta
Article Sources Article Sources
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Medical Expert Medical Expert

Polyps are growths that form on the lining of the digestive tract or other organs. They can grow in a variety of shapes and sizes, such as flat, sessile polyps, or ones that look like cherries dangling, pedunculated polyps. A doctor may detect them in the colon, stomach, ear, cervix, uterus, nose or throat.

Symptoms depend on the location of the polyp. In some cases, a person may not know a polyp has formed, but a physician can detect it on an imaging test. For some types, it's important to undergo a screening because some polyps can become large and symptomatic or become cancerous.

1. Locations of Polyps

As mentioned, polyps occur in the intestines, cervix, bladder, ears, stomach, nose, sinuses, uterus or throat. Different symptoms are experienced based on location and size. In some cases, though, an individual won't have any symptoms.

Most often, intestinal polyps are harmless, but over time, some polyps may become cancerous.1‘Colon Polyps - Symptoms and Causes.’ Mayo Clinic, 28 Aug. 2020, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/colon-polyps/symptoms-causes/syc-20352875. Cervical, stomach, nasal and uterine polyps rarely become cancerous, but it can happen. Ear polyps rarely become cancerous, but can interfere with hearing. Keep in mind that the cause depends on the location. For instance, throat polyps can stem from damage caused by shouting loudly or long term smoking.


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