The urinary bladder is a muscular organ that is hollow. It functions to store urine from the kidneys before being excreted through the act of urination. As urine fills the bladder, the bladder muscles relax to allow the expansion of the bladder.
Urination occurs when the muscles contract, squeezing urine out from the bladder through the urethra. Pain is an uncomfortable and unpleasant sensation that can negatively impact the quality of life.
Below are 10 causes of bladder pain to look out for.
Cause #1: Interstitial Cystitis
Interstitial cystitis is a chronic condition where there is irritation and inflammation of the bladder. This results in stiffening of the bladder wall causing difficulty in expansion of the bladder as it fills with urine. It is a condition more commonly seen among women compared to men.
One of the main symptoms of interstitial cystitis is bladder pain. This pain is strongest when urine fills the bladder and relief is felt once the bladder is emptied. The pain can also be felt in the groin, lower back, and abdomen. It can be treated using medications, bladder instillation, bladder distention, acupuncture, bladder retraining, stress management, pelvic floor exercises, nerve stimulation, surgery, and dietary changes.