Yeast infection or candidiasis is a type of fungal infection. There are many types of Candida yeasts that can infect and cause issues in humans. The commonest strain is known as Candida albicans. These candida yeasts are usually found in the intestinal tract, mucous membranes, and skin without causing any issues or infection. However, the overgrowth of these yeasts can cause many symptoms depending on which part of the body is infected.
The candida species are opportunistic pathogens that find any chance they can to access the circulation and deep tissues. Individuals with a weaker immune system such as those with human immunodeficiency virus infection, diabetics, and those who are taking medication after organ transplantation.
Cause #1: Use of Antibiotics
The use of antibiotics can cause changes in hormone levels and destroy the balance of bacteria and yeast that are present. Antibiotic use kills off the bacteria and upsets the delicate balance causing yeast overgrowth.
While you are taking antibiotics, some practices such as making dietary changes (eating yogurt can help as it contains lactobacillus that restores the balance of bacteria and fungus, eating fermented foods, taking probiotic supplements, limiting sugar intake), observing good hygiene (avoiding douching, avoiding scented products, using pads instead of tampons, use unscented toilet paper, drying yourself after using the bathroom) and wearing appropriate clothes (wear cotton underwear, avoid tight clothing).