Uterine cancer or womb cancer is cancer that originates from the uterine tissue. There are two main types of uterine cancer known as endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. The risk factors of uterine cancer depend on the type but generally, factors such as older age, obesity, human papillomavirus infection are the main risk factors for uterine cancer. Treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and use of medications. While the cause of uterine cancer is still unknown, it has been speculated that hormone imbalance is one of the major risk factors.
The estrogen receptors that are present on the surfaces of the cells of uterine cancer interacts with the hormone leading to increased cell growth. In 1990, uterine cancer resulted in 45,000 deaths. By 2010, the number of deaths were observed to increase to 58,000 cases. It is the fourth most common cancer among women in the United States and the tenth commonest cause of cancer death. In 2012, it was estimated that endometrial cancer occurred in 320,000 women resulting in 76,000 deaths. The rates of endometrial cancer have been steadily increasing over the years and this is thought to be due to the increasing number of elderlies, along with the increasing rates of obesity.
Symptom #1: Vaginal Bleeding After Menopause
Patients who experience vaginal bleeding after menopause should seek medical evaluation as soon as possible. Even with spotting, patients should see a doctor to rule out serious causes of postmenopausal bleeding such as cancer.
Causes of postmenopausal bleeding include polyps, endometrial atrophy, endometrial hyperplasia, sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal atrophy, side effects of medication, uterine fibroids, and cancer.