10 Spinal Meningitis Symptoms

Author
By jolene
Reviewed
Reviewed: Dr. Gromatzky
Aug 24, 2019
Medical Expert Medical Expert

Spinal meningitis is a condition where there is infection that causes swelling of the protective membranes that surround the spinal cord and brain (meninges). Meningitis can be caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal infections. Depending on the cause, it can either resolve or become a life-threatening condition. Meningitis caused by a bacterial infection can lead to many complications including death.

Bacteria enters the bloodstream through an injury or infection. The most common bacterium that causes bacterial meningitis is pneumococcus. Other possible bacteria include meningococcus and Hemophilus influenzae. Vaccines are available to prevent all three bacterial meningitis. Viral meningitis is usually more common and less lethal. Treatment options include antibiotics, antiviral drugs, and corticosteroids.

In 2015, meningitis affected about 8.7 million individuals globally resulting in 379,000 deaths. Below are 10 meningitis symptoms to be aware of.

Symptom #1: Photophobia

Photophobia or light sensitivity occurs when there is abnormal intolerance to light. The affected person experiences pain or discomfort in the eyes when there is exposure to light. Photophobia may be due to genetic disorders, conditions of the nervous system, and issues of the eye.

Examples of conditions that may cause photophobia include meningitis, corneal abrasion, retinal damage, migraines, cataracts, aniridia, viral conjunctivitis, endophthalmitis, and retinal detachment. Treatment depends on the underlying cause.

Spinal Meningitis

Home | Privacy Policy | Editorial | | About Us

This site offers information designed for entertainment & educational purposes only. With any health related topic discussed on this site you should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, treatment, advice, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, treatment, or diagnosis. If you have any questions or concerns about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.